Urinalysis (UA)

The Urinalysis evaluates the health of the kidneys, bladder, and other systemic organ systems.

  • Urine Specific Gravity (USG): Urine specific gravity (USG) is a measure of the kidneys’ ability to concentrate the urine. Alterations in USG can indicate dehydration, kidney disease, urinary tract infection etc.
  • Urine pH: Urine pH is a measure of urine acidity. Alterations in urine pH can indicate kidney disease and urinary tract infections.
  • Urine content: A number of substances are screened for in the urine including protein, glucose, ketones, blood, and bilirubin. The presence of these substances can indicate problems such as kidney disease, liver disease, and diabetes.
  • White blood cells & bacteria: The presence of white blood cells and/or bacteria in the urine can indicate urinary tract infection.
  • Urine Crystals: The presence of crystals in the urine can indicate the presence of, or an increased risk for, kidney or bladder stones.